The ancient Greeks, Romans and Egyptians all used aromatherapy oils. Nearly 6000 years ago, the Egyptian physician Imhotep recommended fragrant oils for bathing, massage and for embalming the dead.
Cleopatra, known for her beautiful skin was said to use essential oils in her baths. Hippocrates, the father of modern medicine, used aromatherapy baths and scented massage among his treatments. Hippocrates also used aromatic fumigations to rid Athens of the plague.
Roman historian Pliny, author of the impressive 1st-century A.D. Natural History, mentioned 32 different remedies prepared from rose, 21 remedies prepared from lily, 17 remedies prepared from violet and 25 remedies prepared from pennyroyal.