Black Pepper Essential Oil Description:
Latin name: Latin name: Piper nigrum. Family: Piperaceae. It is distilled from the black peppercorns and imported from Madagascar and Sri Lanka. Pepper, one of the most ancient spices, was mentioned in Chinese and Sanskrit texts thousands of years ago.
Characteristics: Black Pepper has a warm, peppery aroma. It is a middle note in perfumery. Blends well with other spices, citrus oils, frankincense, geranium, jasmine, lavender, marjoram, rose, rosemary, sandalwood and ylang-ylang.
Extraction Method: Steam distillation of dried, crushed peppercorns.
Black Pepper Essential Oil Cautions:
Safety Data: Black Pepper may irritate the skin. Use ½ recommended dilution or less.
Black Pepper Essential Oil Use and Applications:
Circulation, muscles, and joints: improves circulation, relieves muscular aches and pains. Use for arthritis, anemia, rheumatism, sprains, stiffness, neuralgia, and poor muscle tone.
Digestive System: May be used to aid digestion, improves appetite, relieves constipation. Used for colic, diarrhea, flatulence, heartburn, indigestion, loss of appetite and nausea.
Emotions/mind and nervous system: Black Pepper clears the head, improves memory, raises spirits, helps to clear emotional blockages, for apathy, and mental exhaustion. Helps with endurance and with combating compulsions.
Respiratory and immune system: antispasmodic. May be used for colds, coughs, catarrh, flu, infections and viruses.
Recommended Use for: arthritis, muscle aches and pains, poor circulation, poor muscle tone, sprains, stiffness; colic, constipation, heartburn, nausea; colds, flus and viruses.
Actions: Analgesic, antimicrobial, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antitoxic, aperitif, aphrodisiac, bactericidal, carminative, diaphoretic, digestive, diuretic, febrifuge, laxative, rubefacient, stimulant (nervous, circulatory, digestive), stomachic and tonic.
Folk Tradition: Popularly used in perfumes. The ancient Greeks used Black Pepper to treat fevers. It has been widely used for medicinal purposes in the East for over 4000 years.
Sources for above information:
The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Essential Oils by Julia Lawless, 1995
The Art of Aromatherpy by Robert Tisserand, 1977
375 Essential Oils and Hydrosols by Jeanne Rose, 1999